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A Hawaiian tradition tells that a bright star, Kokoiki, appeared just before the great conqueror was born. At the death of King Kalaniopuu in , the island of Hawaii was divided between his son, Kiwalao, and his nephew, Kamehameha. Despite jealousy between the two cousins, relations were peaceful until July , when a dispute between their chiefs at Keomo led to the outbreak of war. In the ensuing battle at Mokuohai, Kiwalao was slain. Kamehameha then embarked upon a series of conquests that by had brought all the islands but Kauai and Niihau under his control.
When these were ceded to him through peaceful negotiations in , Kamehameha was undisputed ruler of the entire island group. Although autocratic in principle, Kamehameha set up governors to administer each island. He also outlawed human sacrifice , rites that had been performed in former times to increase the mana, or sacred power, of the king. A shrewd businessman, Kamehameha amassed a fortune for his kingdom through a government monopoly on the sandalwood trade and through the imposition of port duties on visiting ships.
He was an open-minded sovereign who rightfully deserves his title Kamehameha the Great. Kamehameha I. Additional Info. Print Cite verified Cite. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies.
Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Facebook Twitter. Give Feedback External Websites. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article requires . External Websites. Architect of the Capitol - Kamehameha I. See all media. Born: November ? Kohala Mountains Hawaii Show more Died: May 8, Kailua Hawaii Show more.
Full Article. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Subscribe Now. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. During this period King Kamehameha I used European military technology and weapons to emerge as an outstanding Hawaiian leader, seizing and consolidating control over most of the island group.
For 85 years thereafter monarchs ruled over the Hawaiian kingdom. In the early 19th century the American whaling fleet began…. There too, centuries later, Kamehameha I , who is considered one of the greatest Hawaiian kings, came to power and established a dynasty. Captain James Cook visited in , and he died on the Big Island in Hawaiian chief Kamehameha I invaded in and subordinated the population as part of his effort to unify the Hawaiian Islands.
Christian missionaries arrived on Molokai in the s. History at your fingertips. up here to see what happened On This Day , every day in your inbox! address. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox.Lonely Kailua1 Hawaii women
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