Added: Wilma Morano - Date: 10.01.2022 03:21 - Views: 19030 - Clicks: 7727
What is a tooth filling? To treat a cavity your dentist will remove the decayed portion of the tooth and then "fill" the area on the tooth where the decayed material once lived. Fillings are also used to repair cracked or broken teeth and teeth that have been worn down from misuse such as from nail-biting or tooth grinding.
What steps are involved in filling a tooth? First, the dentist will numb the area around the tooth with a local anesthetic. Next, a drill, air abrasion instrument or laser will be used to remove the decayed area. The choice of instrument depends on the individual dentist's comfort level, training, and investment in the particular piece of equipment as well as location and extent of the decay.
Next, your dentist will probe or test the area during the decay removal process to determine if all the decay has been removed. Once the decay has been removed, your dentist will prepare the space for the filling by cleaning the cavity of bacteria and debris.
If the decay is near the root, your dentist may first put in a liner made of glass ionomer, composite resin, or other material to protect the nerve. Generally, after the filling is in, your dentist will finish and polish it. Several additional steps are required for tooth-colored fillings and are as follows. After your dentist has removed the decay and cleaned the area, the tooth-colored material is applied in layers. Next, a special light that "cures" or hardens each layer is applied.
When the multilayering process is completed, your dentist will shape the composite material to the desired result, trim off any excess material and polish the final restoration. What types of filling materials are available? Today, several dental filling materials are available. Teeth can be filled with gold; porcelain; silver amalgam which consists of mercury mixed with silver, tin, zinc, and copper ; or tooth-colored, plastic and glass materials called composite resin fillings. The location and extent of the decay, cost of filling material, patients' insurance coverage and your dentist's recommendation assist in determining the type of filling that will best address your needs.
In addition to tooth-colored, composite resin fillings, two other tooth-colored fillings exist -- ceramics and glass ionomer. Does dental insurance cover the cost of composites? Most dental insurance plans cover the cost of the composites up to the price of the silver filling, then the patient must pay the difference. What are indirect fillings? Indirect fillings are similar to composite or tooth-colored fillings except that they are made in a dental laboratory and require two visits before being placed. Indirect fillings are considered when not enough tooth structure remains to support a filling but the tooth is not so severely damaged that it needs a crown.
During the first visit, decay or an old filling is removed. An impression is taken to record the shape of the tooth being repaired and the teeth around it. The impression is sent to a dental laboratory that will make the indirect filling. A temporary filling described below is placed to protect the tooth while your restoration is being made. During the second visit, the temporary filling is removed, and the dentist will check the fit of the indirect restoration. Provided the fit is acceptable, it will be permanently cemented into place. Inlays and onlays are more durable and last much longer than traditional fillings -- up to 30 years.
They can be made of tooth-colored composite resin, porcelain or gold. Inlays and onlays weaken the tooth structure, but do so to a much lower extent than traditional fillings. Another type of inlay and onlay -- direct inlays and onlays -- follow the same processes and procedures as the indirect; the difference is that direct inlays and onlays are made in the dental office and can be placed in one visit. The type of inlay or onlay used depends on how much sound tooth structure remains and consideration of any cosmetic concerns.
What is a temporary filling and why would I need one? Temporary fillings are just that; they are not meant to last. They usually fall out, fracture, or wear out within 1 month. Be sure to contact your dentist to have your temporary filling replaced with a permanent one. If you don't, your tooth could become infected or you could have other complications.
Are amalgam-type fillings safe? Over the past several years, concerns have been raised about silver-colored fillings, otherwise called amalgams. Because amalgams contain the toxic substance mercury, some people think that amalgams are responsible for causing a of diseases, including autism , Alzheimer's disease, and multiple sclerosis. The American Dental Association ADA , the FDA, and numerous public health agencies say amalgams are safe, and that any link between mercury-based fillings and disease is unfounded. The causes of autism , Alzheimer's disease, and multiple sclerosis remain unknown.
Additionally, there is no solid, scientific evidence to back up the claim that if a person has amalgam fillings removed, he or she will be cured of these or any other diseases. In March of , the FDA reconfirmed the safety of amalgams. Although amalgams do contain mercury, when they are mixed with other metals, such as silver, copper, tin, and zinc, they form a stable alloy that dentists have used for more than years to fill and preserve hundreds of millions of decayed teeth.
The National Institutes of Health published several large-scale studies to answer many of the questions raised about silver-colored amalgams. of these studies were released in In addition, there has been concern over the release of a small amount of mercury vapor from these fillings, but according to the ADA, there is no scientific evidence that this small amount in adverse health effects. How should I care for my teeth with fillings? To maintain your fillings, you should follow good oral hygiene practices -- visiting your dentist regularly for cleanings, brushing with a fluoride-containing toothpaste , and flossing at least once daily.
If your dentist suspects that a filling might be cracked or is "leaking" when the sides of the filling don't fit tightly against the tooth, this allows debris and saliva to seep down between the filling and the tooth, which can lead to decay , he or she will take X-rays to assess the situation.
If your tooth is extremely sensitive, if you feel a sharp edge, if you notice a crack in the filling, or if a piece of the filling is missing, call your dentist for an appointment. Edited by Charlotte E. What Is a Tooth Filling What is a tooth filling? Material What types of filling materials are available? Cost Does dental insurance cover the cost of composites? Indirect What are indirect fillings? Temporary What is a temporary filling and why would I need one?
Amalgam Are amalgam-type fillings safe? At Home Care How should I care for my teeth with fillings? Protect Your Teeth Avoid these bad dental habits Did you know that these habits may harm your teeth? Chewing on ice Playing sports without a mouth guard Drinking fruit juice Snacking on potato chips Drinking white wine Discover more habits that could harm your teeth and what you can do to protect your smile.
Read about 19 bad habits that could damage teeth ». Share Your Story. Latest Oral Health News. More Health News ». What Is Havana Syndrome? Sore Throat Home Remedies. Life with Cancer. See how tooth decay, plaque, and bacteria contribute to the creation of cavities and how regular brushing and flossing can help prevent dental caries. Cocaine is an addictive stimulant that is smoked, snorted, and injected. Crack is cocaine that comes in a rock crystal that is heated to form vapors, which are then smoked. Cocaine has various effects on the body, including dilating pupils, constricting blood vessels, increasing body temperature, heart rate, and blood pressure.
Existing fillings sometimes need to be replaced due to wear, chipping, or cracking. See a picture of Composite Fillings and learn more about the health topic. How can cosmetic dentistry improve your smile? See before and after pictures of orthodontics braces , dental implants, crowns, veneers, teeth whitening, bridges, and more. Dental crowns are caps that encase the tooth with the purpose of restoring the size, shape, strength or appearance of the tooth. Crowns may be temporary or permanent and may be made out of materials such as porcelain, resin, or metal.
Dental injuries range from a chipped or fractured tooth to a knocked-out tooth. Treatment depends upon the severity of the dental injury. Dental injuries may be prevented by aligning protruding front teeth with braces and using face masks and mouthguards while playing sports. Dental sealants protect teeth from tooth decay by coating the chewing surfaces of the teeth. Sealants are thin coats of plastic that are typically applied to the back teeth. Sealants may last for up to 10 years. Gum disease is caused by plaque and may result in tooth loss without proper treatment.
Symptoms and s of gum disease gingivitis or periodontal disease include receding gums, bad breath and pocket formation between the teeth and gums. Treatment depends upon the stage of the gum disease, how you responded to earlier treatments, and your overall health.
Dentists use lasers to remove tooth decay, treat gum disease, biopsy tissue, and whiten teeth. Oftentimes, lasers cause less pain than traditional dental work, plus, they minimize bleeding and swelling. Unfortunately, lasers can't be used on teeth that already have fillings. Experiencing tooth sensitivity and pain are common problems after having a dental filling. People with allergies to metal may suffer allergic reactions to amalgam silver fillings.
Fillings may chip, crack, or wear away from the continual pressure of chewing, clenching, and grinding. A root canal is a dental procedure that's used to save an infected tooth. Treatment involves removing the tooth's nerve and pulp and then cleaning and sealing the tooth. Symptoms and s that indicate a root canal is needed include toothache, discoloration, swelling, tenderness, prolonged sensitivity to hot or cold, and a persistent pimple on the gums. Typically, a root canal is no more painful than having a filling placed. A toothache is pain on or around a tooth. It may have a variety of causes, including a cavity, abscess, or even sinusitis.
Toothache symptoms include pain, headache, earache, bad taste in the mouth, and gum swelling. Dental X-rays and other tests performed by a dentist are used to diagnose the cause of a toothache. Toothache treatment depends on the underlying cause. Taking proper care of the teeth and gums can help prevent toothache.Need a good filling
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